UV Sterilization (Ultra Violet Sterilization) uses no harmful chemicals to handle or store. This 50-year-old technology is universally accepted in every field that requires clean air, clean water and germ-free environments. Whether you need residential or commercial applications for germ-free environments, Ultra Violet units require low initial capital cost as well as low operating costs when compared to other technologies.
Both water (or other liquid) sterilization and room air (or air ducts) purification utilizes an immediate treatment process that requires no holding tanks or long retention times to kill germs. There are no measurements of caustic chemicals to keep the liquid or air germ-free, which keep your operating costs to a minimum.
To decide which type of UV water treatment filter that best meets your needs and budget, first decide if it will be used for drinking and food preparation, laundry, refrigerator dispenser or the whole-house. As an added contaminant-reducing process, look for one with a reverse osmosis feature that has a one-way membrane to allow water molecules to pass through but not debris from your pipes. Air purification can be approached from two directions, one being room air sanitizers and the second being air duct disinfection. Air duct units destroy airborne microbes, including bacteria and viruses, in new or existing duct systems. These units can be added to existing duct systems or engineered into new building designs.
There are many, many patents devoted to UV sterilization -yet it is a relatively simple concept. UV germicidal lamps are short wave low-pressure mercury tubes that produce ultraviolet wavelengths that are lethal to microorganisms in the air, on surfaces and in water. These wavelengths are measured in nanometers (one billionth of a meter in length) and are highly lethal to viruses, bacteria, protozoa and mold.
Ultra Violet technology is being used more because the microorganisms in our daily environment seep into every aspect of our lives. As we realize the potential hazards of disease, the purity of air and water necessary for complicated processes, the ease of disease spread throughout an office, home or institution and the mobility of our population, it has become necessary to build-in germ-fighting processes.
UV sterilization units come in all sizes, depending on your needs. Residential water purification and room air purification are value-added products that can bring you peace of mind, especially if you have an immune-compromised or asthmatic family member. Commercial uses include laboratories, hospitals, clinics, pathology labs, nursing homes, schools, hotels, ships, restaurants, parks, fountains, ponds and swimming pools, farms and ranches that are on well water, aquariums, pharmaceutical and electronic production facilities that require very specific germ-free environments, food industry, bottling facilities, cooling towers and cisterns and ice makers, to name just a few.
UV sterilization has made a remarkable difference in the fight against diseases in a closed environment. It is an efficient and trouble-free process for microorganism reduction in the marketplace today.
When the new Coalition Government came in we all knew there was going to have to be spending cuts and around £250 million of these cuts are set to come from environment departments.
The Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) is set to lose 5.5 per cent of its budget, amounting to £162 million, while the Department of Energy and Climate Change will lose £85 million which is around 2.5 per cent of theirs. Both departments are likely to have to cut spending on major programmes in order to meet the savings as reducing recruitment and internal spending would not be enough.
As Britain’s 200,000 farmers and landowners receive billions of their funding from European subsidies on owning land and growing food, they are not likely to be majorly affected by the cuts. However, due to the withdrawal of funding for regional development agencies, it is likely that green building and conservation efforts will be badly hit as they subsidise many renewable energy, agricultural and environmental schemes.
Currently the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) spends far less on administration than DEFRA so is expected to drastically cut spending on household energy efficiency schemes which could affect investment in low-carbon technologies badly. The DECC’s three biggest delivery bodies are all expected to see budget cuts over the coming year.
The Environmental Transformation Fund who invest and promote new low-carbon technologies will see a massive funding cut of 22 per cent, totalling £120 million. Also, the Low Carbon Building Programme that provides grants for clean household energy technology installations will not be continued and is now closed to applicants. The Low Carbon Building Programme offered grants for micro-generation systems such as small scale wind turbines and solar panels (photovoltaics) but these were withdrawn at the beginning of April when feed-in tariffs that pay homeowners for every unit of clean energy they produce were introduced.
The ending of the Low Carbon Building Programme will produce only a small saving of around £3 million but will mean that there will be no funding for green heating systems currently available. It is likely that the Government will start a scheme around Spring 2011 as that is when the previous Government planned to introduce their Renewable Heat Incentive scheme.
As a result of these, pollution forms. A countermeasure technology has sprung up to combat the pollutions. All these technologies aim at reducing the waste material that is introduced in the environment by the human activities. Here are some technological methods that are used to control environmental pollution:
1. Reusing the waste matter: Recycling of waste products is a policy that has been encouraged by governments worldwide. Some of the materials recycled are like papers and polythene bags. Substances like polythene take long time to decompose. Reusing them would save additional waste to the environment that would make it unhealthy. Some items like iron when recycled are cheaper to process than going back to mining ore and processing it, and hence save money too.
2. Purification of dirty water: Dirty water is normally a health hazard. The process of purification is done by use of chemical elements like chlorine salt or mechanical methods. This technology is important since it helps to provide a solution to water shortage. It also helps to save life like in case of an oil spill in an ocean. Crude oil can cause damage and death of both marine flora and fauna. It hinders oxygen from dissolving in water that in turn may result to suffocation of the animals. The oil too clogs the feathers of birds making their predators to kill them easily. This kind of water pollution can result in an unbalanced environment.
3. Treating sewage: Sewage is the waste form of any material. Most of the sewage matter is absolutely poisonous. Some companies release their toxic waste matter to the water sources. This makes the water unsafe for consumption by both humans and marine life. However, there has been invention of technology that allows treatment of the sewage before it is released to water bodies. This technology is being enforced by various environmental agents.
4. Management of solid waste: This kind of waste is taken care of in several methods. It can be reused, treated or disposed properly such that it will not have any impact on the environment.
5. Using friendly renewable energy: Some of the fuels used like crude oil produce smoke that causes respiratory diseases, acid rain and other environmental pollutants. Use of solar energy that can be tapped by use of solar panels can reduce the destruction of the environment. Other sources of energy that technology has made trappable are water that produces hydro-electricity, wind, wood among others.
6. Use of clean energy: The scientists have put a lot of effort to discover some eco-friendly fuels that will help to curb all sorts of environmental pollution. This research has resulted in their unleashing discoveries like use of biogas that leave no waste matter. The car exhausts have been fitted with catalytic converters that reduce the toxic gases that reach the environment. All these efforts are supported by dedicated research in technology that would ensure pollution free environment.
STEEPLE analysis considers various external factors that can influence business performance of a company. This tool is often used to identify those factors that can influence business or organization. There are seven areas that STEEPLE analysis takes into consideration.
Thus, STEEPLE analysis deals with political, economic, social, environmental, legal, ethical and technological factors that have both positive and negative impact on the company or entire industry.
Why is use of STEEPLE analysis recommended for businesses? This is a very good way of analyze and external environment in which the company is operating. Moreover, STEEPLE analysis can also offer suggestions on how to respond to challenges and solve problems, if any.
One of the most common mistakes in use of STEEPLE analysis is separate consideration of various factors. They are all interrelated and thus have to be analyzed in complex. Besides, one should come up with suggestions and answer the question “What does it mean for my company?” Response and counter actions are required.
Such factors can generally present strengths and weaknesses, threats and opportunities in various external environments every company is bound to operate in. This article will offer a short overview of the seven external factors that can influence business performance as well as focus on pros and cons of STEEPLE analysis.
Social factor often includes demographics, social and labor mobility, changes in lifestyle, balance of work and life, education and fashion, health and welfare, poverty levels, work security and living conditions, as well as income distribution. In other words, this is information related to social trends.
Technological factor studies new developments and discoveries, speed of technology transfer, use of energy, the impact of IT Technologies on business, Internet progress, spread of mobile technologies, average spend on IT etc. Every company should keep up with technological progress.
Economy is all important, especially for companies operating in the international market. This factor studies monetary policy, government spending, taxation issues, inflation, exchange rate, unemployment policy, general economic situation, customer expectations and purchasing power etc.
Environmental issues are very hot these days, as people came to understand they have to take proper care of nature. This factor addresses global warming, carbon emissions, climate change, environmental regulations and legislation, “green agenda” etc.
Politics is inseparable part of social processes. This factor studies political situation, results of elections and possible consequences for the business, governmental decisions on regulation of business relations etc. Very often political decisions are made to normalize economic situation in the country.
Every company is operating in a certain legislative system, and thus should comply with the applicable laws. Legal departments of companies must pay a special attention to corporate governance, and international trade regulations, legislation on competition and monopoly etc.
Ethical constituent is very important as well. Client confidentiality, business ethics and reputation are very important factors to consider.
Among key advantages of STEEPLE analysis are focus on external factors that influence company performance and ability to respond to certain challenges. Some business analysts claim that STEEPLE analysis only underlines something that is already known, and this viewpoint has also its supporters.